AISI M2 Steel – JIS SKH51 – DIN 1.3343

M2 high speed tool steel is tungsten-molybdenum high-speed steel with a well-balanced carbon composition and high toughness. It is also called JIS SKH51 and DIN 1.3343 steel. It is easy to overheat, control the quenching heating temperature is necessary and the heat treatment protection requirements are strict. It is used widely to make cutting tools because of its great hardness and wear resistance. It has replaced T1 high speed steel in most applications, become the first choice of customer due to its great performance and extremely high-performance price ratio. M2 steel round bar sheet plate properties and heat treat as below.

M2 Steel Grade Equivalent Chart

Country USA Germany/UK/France JAPAN ISO
Standard ASTM A600-92a EN ISO 4957-1999 JIS G4403-2006 ISO 4957-1999
Grades M2(Standard C) HS 6-5-2 SKH51 HS 6-5-2
Delivery condition:In annealing (≤255HB), or after heat treatment (62-64HRC). Quality control: 100% UT (Ultrasonic Testing), UT Standard is SEP 1921-84 C/c.

M2 Steel Chemical Composition

Stand C (%) Mn(%) P(%) S (%) Si (%) Cr (%) V(%) W(%) Mo(%)
ASTM A600-92a 0.78-0.88 0.15-0.40 Max 0.03 Max 0.03 0.20-0.45 3.75-4.50 1.75-2.20 5.50-6.75 4.50-5.50
EN ISO 4957-1999 0.80-0.88 ≤0.40 ≤0.030 ≤0.030 ≤0.45 3.80-4.50 1.70-2.10 5.90-6.70 4.70-5.20
JIS G4053-2008 0.80-0.88 Max 0.40 Max 0.030 Max 0.030 Max 0.45 3.80-4.50 1.70-2.10 5.90-6.70 4.70-5.20
ISO 4957-1999 0.80-0.88 ≤0.40 ≤0.45 3.80-4.50 1.70-2.10 5.90-6.70 4.70-5.20

1.3343 Steel Physical Properties

Physical properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.16 g/cm³ 0.294 lb/in³
Melting point 4680°C 2600°F

M2 Steel Mechanical Properties

Mechanical properties Metric Imperial
Hardness, Rockwell C(tempered at 1150°F, quenched at 2200°F) 62 62
Hardness, Rockwell C(as hardened, quenched at 2200°F) 65 65
Compressive yield strength(when tempered at 300°F) 3250 MPa 471000 psi
Izod impact unnotched(when tempered at 300°F) 67 J 49.4 ft-lb
Abrasion(loss in mm3, as-hardened; ASTM G65) 25.8 25.8
Abrasion(loss in mm3, tempered at 1275°F; ASTM G65) 77.7 77.7
Poisson’s ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30458 ksi
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1.3343 Steel Characteristics

Hardness (factory state): ≤255HB
Curing Temperature: 1220℃-1240℃
Hardness (after heat treatment): ≤ 63 HRC
It is a good choice for cutting applications due to its high wear resistance and toughness.
Carbide evenly distributed and high toughness.
Can be used to make milling cutters, reamers, broaches, gear cutters and other industrial tools.

M2 Steel Application

1.3343 Steel Application

The application is decided by M2 steel chemical composition and properties. It has high hardness, red hardness. Good thermoplasticity and excellent toughness. It is used to make tools that require has good wear resistance and toughness which can sustain large impact forces. Such as pinion cutters, planers, milling cutters, turning tools, drill bits and etc.

M2 Steel Round Bar Sheet Plate Heat Treatment

Machinability
The shaping of M2 tool steels may be executed using grinding strategies. But, which has bad grinding capability. So they’re called as “medium” machinability tool steel under annealed conditions. The machinability of these steels is only 50% of that of the easily machinable W group or water hardening tool steels.

Annealing
Heat to 1600° F, soak thoroughly at heat. Furnace cool 25° F per hour to 900° F, air cool to room temperature. Approximate annealed hardness 241 Maximum Brinell.

Stress Relief of Unhardened Material: Heat slowly to 1200 to 1250° F. Soak for two hours per inch of thickness at heat. Slow cool(furnace cool if possible) to room temperature.

Hardening
Heat M2 steel slowly to 1550° F, soak fully, heat to 1850° F, soak thoroughly. Soak time in the furnace varies from a few minutes to 15 minutes, depending on tool size, the heat capacity of the furnace, and the size of the charge. – Heat to 2150 to 2200° F for max. toughness and minimum distortion. – Heat to 2250 to 2275° F for max.

Tempering
Double tempering is necessary, sometimes preferred three times tempering. Soak for 2 hours per inch of thickness. Air cool to room temperature between tempers. The best tempering range for hardness, strength and toughness is 1000 to 1050° F.

Quenching
For full hardness, need to oil quench to 150-200° F. Air quenches to 150° F. When quenching in hot salt maintains the quench just above the Ms temperature. After equalizing withdraw parts from the hot salt and air cooled to 150° F.

M2 high speed steel is preheated prior to hardening at 2610 ° C(4730 ° F). Then heated rapidly from 2610 ° C (4730 ° F) to 3960 ° C (7160 ° F). The steel is finally cooled for 3 to 5 minutes and quenched in air, salt bath or oil.

M2 Steel Quality Certificate Certificate & SGS Report

M2 Steel Quality Certificate Certificate
SGS Report

M2 Tool Steel Round Bar Sheet Plate Supply

Round Bar
Specification: Dia 12-220mm; Length: Can be customized
Surface: Black Surface/Bright Surface /Grinded/Peeled/Turned

Sheet/Plate/Slab
Specification: thickness: 3-200mm; width: Can be customized; length: Can be customized
Surface: Black Surface/Bright Surface /Grinded/Peeled/Turned

Notice
We have our own cutting and processing equipment. Specifications can be cut and customized according to your requirements.
We are a professional special steel stockist and supplier with a high-quality stand for many years. As a professional M2 steel supplier, please contacts us for any request of AISI M2/DIN 1.3343 steels materials. Songshun Steel always with you.

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